vain

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
adj. proud, conceited; futile, fruitless; trivial. See vanity, uselessness, unimportance.
II
(Roget's IV) modif.
1. [Possessing unwarranted self-esteem]
Syn. proud, arrogant, haughty; see egotistic 2 .
2. [Trivial]
Syn. trivial, unimportant, frivolous, petty, insignificant, idle, empty, hollow, otiose; see also trivial , unimportant .
in vain,
3.
Syn. futilely, unprofitably, to no purpose; see vainly .
4.
Syn. profanely, irreverently, lightly; see casually 2 , rudely .
5. [Useless]
Syn. worthless, unavailing, profitless; see futile 1 , useless 1 .
See Synonym Study at futile . Syn.- vain applies to that which has little or no real value, worth, or meaning [vain studies, indulging in vain pleasures ] ; idle refers to that which is baseless or worthless because it can never be realized [idle hopes, idle talk ] ; empty and hollow are used of that which only appears to be genuine, sincere, worthwhile, etc. [empty threats, hollow victories ] ; otiose applies to that which has no real purpose or function and is therefore useless or superfluous [otiose remarks ]
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) a.
1. worthless of no use, useless, empty, hollow, futile, unproductive, fruitless, pointless, unsuccessful, unavailing, idle.
2. conceited proud, vainglorious, *full of oneself, egotistical, self-important, arrogant, pompous, self-admiring, primping, preening, haughty, dandyish, foppish, swaggering, strutting, *in love with oneself.
ANT.: 1. productive, effective, worthwhile. 2. modest, humble, self-effacing
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) adjective 1. Having no useful result: barren, bootless, fruitless, futile, unavailing, unprofitable, unsuccessful, useless. Idiom: in vain. See THRIVE, USED. 2. Lacking value, use, or substance: empty, hollow, idle, otiose, vacant. See FULL. 3. Unduly preoccupied with one's own appearance: conceited, narcissistic. See SELF-LOVE. 4. Thinking too highly of oneself: conceited, egoistic, egoistical, egotistic, egotistical, narcissistic, vainglorious. Informal: bigheaded, stuck-up, swellheaded. See SELF-LOVE.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • vain — vain …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • vain — vain, vaine [ vɛ̃, vɛn ] adj. • déb. XIIe; lat. vanus 1 ♦ Vx Vide. « De vains tombeaux » (P. Corneille) :des cénotaphes. Mod. Vaine pâture. 2 ♦ Vieilli Qui est sans consistance, sans réalité. ⇒ irréel. « Nous sommes abusés par de vaines images »… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • vain — vain, aine (vin, vè n ) adj. 1°   Proprement, vide, ce qui est le sens étymologique conservé seulement dans les locutions suivantes : vaine pâture, terres où il n y a ni semences, ni fruits, et, par suite, où tous les habitants d une commune… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Vain — Vain, a. [Compar. {Vainer}; superl. {Vainest}.] [F. vain, L. vanus empty, void, vain. Cf. {Vanish}, {Vanity}, {Vaunt} to boast.] [1913 Webster] 1. Having no real substance, value, or importance; empty; void; worthless; unsatisfying. Thy vain… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vain — VAIN, [v]aine. adj. Inutile, Qui ne produit rien. Faire de vains efforts. toutes ses sollicitations ont esté vaines. On appelle, Terres vaines & vagues, Des terres inutiles, incultes, qui ne produisent rien, & qui ne sont reclamées de personne.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • vain — [veın] adj [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: Latin vanus empty, vain ] 1.) someone who is vain is too proud of their good looks, abilities, or position used to show disapproval = ↑conceited ▪ Men can be just as vain as women. see usage note …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • vain — [ veın ] adjective * 1. ) someone who is vain is very proud and thinks they are very attractive or special: CONCEITED: He was vain about his looks, spending hours in the gym. 2. ) unsuccessful or useless: a vain attempt/bid/effort: They made a… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Vain — Vain, n. Vanity; emptiness; now used only in the phrase in vain. [1913 Webster] {For vain}. See {In vain}. [Obs.] Shak. {In vain}, to no purpose; without effect; ineffectually. In vain doth valor bleed. Milton. In vain they do worship me. Matt.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vain — Datos generales Nacimiento 1986 Origen San Francisco …   Wikipedia Español

  • vain (en) — ⇒VAIN (EN), loc. adv. A. Sans résultat, sans utilité, pour rien. Synon. inutilement. C est en vain que vous prétendez soumettre les gouvernements à la volonté générale. Ce sont toujours eux qui dictent cette volonté, et toutes les précautions… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • vain — [vān] adj. [OFr < L vanus, empty, vain: see WANT] 1. having no real value or significance; worthless, empty, idle, hollow, etc. [vain pomp] 2. without force or effect; futile, fruitless, unprofitable, unavailing, etc. [a vain endeavor] 3.… …   English World dictionary

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